Environmental crisis linked to the shrinkage of the forest, poor corporate social responsibility from logging and mining companies, food insecurity caused by low agricultural productivity and traditional nutritional reliance on forest products, income insecurity, poor nutrition and high disease burden are all the problems which this action seek to redress.
A previous PLA identified the perceived needs of the target groups to be in i) food security activities, ii) income generation activities from agricultural and non agricultural sources, iii) capacity building (in improved rice production, home gardening, forest conservation through community forestry and edible forest gardening), iv) health education (water sanitation, nutrition) and v) community mobilization for emergency preparedness.
The constraints of the target communities are as follows: amongst the most vulnerable to food insecurity, the target communities are composed of women headed households, landless farmers and poor indigenous groups as well as farming communities involved in upland rice, cashew crop, growing traditional crops (vegetable, animal raising (chicken, pig, cow), wild vegetable gathering. They live below the poverty line. They live in remote areas where medical care, water sanitation and agricultural production are not optimal and insufficient to cover their needs. Some because they are single women headed households do not have the manpower or the money to manage their land. They have little income opportunities. They can no longer draw on the forest to provide them with additional food sources. They suffer human rights violations because of the ancestral land they live on. They are too isolated from the rest of the world to have their land related cases heard by the court.