The target groups for this action includes IP communities (women groups, vulnerable people and youth) civil society organizations (CSOs) and networks working on IP business issues in Ratanakiri; women media center, NGOs working on handicraft and technical skills of production , Micro-finance institutions, middleman and business network at the regional level; local authorities and relevant provincial department involved in production; private companies and indigenous people living in Ratanakiri province who are faced of technical skills, production, market assess and low incomes. Final beneficiaries include 1,120 people in which 612 women and 232 youth) in 63 villages in 15 communes 2 districts of Ratanakiri. Total population of the two districts are 41,809 with 21,028 of women.
Needs and constraints of beneficiaries: Ratanakiri Province, the target area for this project, is made up of predominately indigenous people who are among the most vulnerable in Cambodian society. There are seven IP groups in Ratanakiri: Tum Pourn, Kreong, Proev, Jaray, Kachorak, Kaveit and Lun. The indigenous population is approximately 109,639, making up 75% of the overall population. Ratanakiri is rich in natural resources and increased interest in land, timber and mineral resources has led to the proliferation of land grabbing and land and mining concessions. A high percentage of land in Ratanakiri has been given away in land concessions to agro-industries including rubber, pine corn, logging, and extractive industries. Ratanakiri is also particularly exposed to further exploitation as plans are being developed for a major road project between Vietnam and Cambodia.
Environmental crisis linked to the shrinkage of the forest, poor corporate social responsibility from logging and mining companies, food insecurity caused by low agricultural productivity and traditional nutritional reliance on forest products, income insecurity, poor nutrition and high disease burden are all the problems which this action seek to redress.
A previous PLA identified the perceived needs of the target groups to be in i) food security activities, ii) income generation activities from agricultural and non agricultural sources, iii) capacity building (in improved rice production, home gardening, forest conservation through community forestry and edible forest gardening), iv) health education (water sanitation, nutrition) and v) community mobilization for emergency preparedness.
The constraints of the target communities are as follows: amongst the most vulnerable to food insecurity, the target communities are composed of women headed households, landless farmers and poor indigenous groups as well as farming communities involved in upland rice, cashew crop, growing traditional crops (vegetable, animal raising (chicken, pig, cow), wild vegetable gathering. They live below the poverty line. They live in remote areas where medical care, water sanitation and agricultural production are not optimal and insufficient to cover their needs. Some because they are single women headed households do not have the manpower or the money to manage their land. They have little income opportunities. They can no longer draw on the forest to provide them with additional food sources. They suffer human rights violations because of the ancestral land they live on. They are too isolated from the rest of the world to have their land related cases heard by the court.